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A.1 Methodology

All APS agencies were required to report data for all employees that were employed under s22(a), s22(b) and s72 of the Public Service Act 1999 (PS Act) as at 31 December 2017. This report excludes: casual employees under s22(2)(c) and Locally Engaged Employees under s74 of the PS Act, employees on leave without pay and employees at the Trainee/Cadet classification. Agency Heads and public office holders are also excluded as their remuneration is set by the Remuneration Tribunal.

The data received from agencies was checked by the APSC to ensure accuracy. Any discrepancies identified were returned to agencies for correction and resubmission. At the conclusion of the data cleaning process, the agency’s data was sent to back to the agency for sign off.

The data for part-time employees has been changed to full-time equivalent (FTE) and, for many variables, employees who have worked only part of the year (though active as at 31 December), have had their data annualised. This ensures that each employee’s data has equal weighting.

Employees who were in a graduate program in 2017 are shown as a ‘Graduate’, even if they had advanced to an operational classification by 31 December. For the latter employees, remuneration is at their last day as a Graduate.

Some columns in the tables may not add up because Total Remuneration Package (TRP) and Total Reward (TR) are calculated separately for each individual employee and it is these values that determine the median. Therefore, the median TR figure will not necessarily be the sum of all median values of the components which make up TR. It will be the median value of TR for all employees.

Data in this report should not be used to calculate past or present populations of the APS. For accurate population data as at December 2017, please refer to the December Statistical Bulletin 2017.

A.2 Definitions


N is the number of employees.


The average is calculated by summing all values and dividing by the total number of values. This is also known as arithmetical average and mean.

The following statistical terms are determined by ordering the data values in ascending order:


The 5th percentile (P5) is the point where 5% of the values are below and 95% of values are above.


The first quartile (Q1) is the point for which 25% of values are below and 75% of values are above.


The median value is the midpoint of all values. It is the point for which 50% of values are below and 50% of values are above. In some cases, a weighted median is quoted. This is an adjusted midpoint taking into account numbers at each classification level. These are labelled throughout this report as relevant.


The third quartile (Q3) is the point for which 75% of values are below and 25% of values are above.


The 95th percentile (P95) is the point where 95% of the values are below and 5% of values are above.


Base Salary

Base Salary describes the full-time equivalent annualised salary paid to an employee. It includes salary sacrifice amounts (including pre-tax employee superannuation contributions made by salary sacrifice) and excludes bonuses and other benefits.

Total Remuneration Package (TRP)

TRP is defined as being Base Salary plus the value of any benefits including superannuation and motor vehicles.

TRP = Base Salary

+ Agency superannuation contribution

+ Motor vehicle cost/EVS

+ Cash in lieu of motor vehicle

+ Motor vehicle parking

+ Other benefits

+ Other supplementary payments not otherwise described

Total Reward (TR)

TR is defined as being TRP plus bonuses.


+ Actual performance bonus paid in previous 12 months

+ Actual retention bonus payments paid in previous 12 months

+ Productivity bonus

+ Sign on bonuses

+ Group or whole of agency performance bonus and allowances

Total Rewards plus Allowances (TR+A)

TR+A is defined as being TR plus allowances.


+ Additional duties/responsibilities allowances

+ Qualifications and/or skills based allowances

+ Market related allowances, specific job

+ Market related allowances, specific individual

+ Superannuation allowances

+ Income maintenance allowance

+ Hours of duty allowances

+ Expense allowances

+ Geographic/locality allowances

+ Hardship allowances

+ Health and lifestyle allowances

+ Individual performance related allowances

+ Annual leave loading

How to read a box plot:

The size of the squares in relation to each other, reveals how evenly distributed the data values are. For example, looking at the 2016 box plot, the lower two squares (P5 to Median) are shorter than the two above (Median to P95). This indicates that there is a smaller range in values for the bottom 45% compared to the top 45%. The 2017 box plot illustrates that the data values appear to be more evenly distributed as all four squares appear to be of similar length.

A.3 Data tables

Data tables can be found on the Remuneration Report home page

A4. Agencies included in this report

Aboriginal Hostels Limited

Administrative Appeals Tribunal

Asbestos Safety and Eradication Agency

Attorney General’s Department

Australian Aged Care Quality Agency

Australian Building and Construction Commission

Australian Bureau of Statistics

Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research

Australian Commission for Law Enforcement Integrity

Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care

Australian Communications and Media Authority

Australian Competition and Consumer Commission

Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission

Australian Digital Health Agency

Australian Electoral Commission

Australian Financial Security Authority

Australian Fisheries Management Authority

Australian Government Solicitor

Australian Human Rights Commission

Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies

Australian Institute of Family Studies

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Law Reform Commission

Australian National Audit Office

Australian National Maritime Museum

Australian Office of Financial Management

Australian Organ and Tissue Authority

Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority

Australian Public Service Commission

Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency

Australian Research Council

Australian Securities and Investments Commission

Australian Skills Quality Authority

Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority

Australian Taxation Office

Australian Trade Commission

Australian Transaction Reports and Analysis Centre

Australian Transport Safety Bureau

Australian War Memorial

Bureau of Meteorology

Cancer Australia

Clean Energy Regulator

Climate Change Authority


Commonwealth Director of Public Prosecutions

Commonwealth Grants Commission

Defence Housing Australia

Department of Agriculture and Water Resources

Department of Communications and the Arts

Department of Defence

Department of Education and Training

Department of Employment

Department of Environment

Department of Finance

Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade

Department of Health

Department of Human Services

Department of Immigration and Border Protection

Department of Industry, Innovation and Science

Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development

Department of Social Services

Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet

Department of the Treasury

Department of Veterans’ Affairs

Digital Transformation Agency

Fair Work Commission

Federal Court of Australia

Food Standards Australia New Zealand

Future Fund Management Agency

Geoscience Australia

Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority

Independent Parliamentary Expenses Authority

Infrastructure and Project Financing Agency

IP Australia

Murray Darling Basin Authority

National Archives of Australia

National Blood Authority

National Capital Authority

National Disability Insurance Agency

National Film and Sound Archive of Australia

National Health and Medical Research Council

National Health Funding Body

National Library of Australia

National Mental Health Commission

National Museum of Australia

National Offshore Petroleum Safety & Environmental Management Authority

National Portrait Gallery of Australia

Office of National Assessments

Office of Parliamentary Counsel

Office of the Australian Information Commissioner

Office of the Commonwealth Ombudsman

Office of the Fair Work Ombudsman

Office of the Inspector General of Intelligence and Security

Office of the Inspector General of Taxation

Old Parliament House

Productivity Commission

Professional Services Review

Royal Australian Mint

Safe Work Australia

Screen Australia

Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency

Torres Strait Regional Authority

Workplace Gender Equality Agency

Last reviewed: 
13 June 2018